Paramotor Terminology IV

  1. Uncontrolled Airspace: Airspace where air traffic control services are not provided. Pilots operate under Visual Flight Rules (VFR) and are responsible for their own separation.

  2. Restricted Airspace: Designated airspace with limitations on aircraft operations due to potential hazards, security concerns, or other restrictions. Access may require specific permissions.

  3. Aerodrome: Another term for an airport or airfield, including its runways, taxiways, and facilities.

  4. Wind Tee: A simple wind indicator on the ground, typically shaped like a tee, used to show the direction and approximate speed of the surface wind.

  5. Ground Reference Points: Fixed visual references on the ground used by pilots for navigation and maintaining orientation during flight.

  6. Ground Effect: The increased lift and reduced drag experienced when an aircraft is flying close to the ground.

  7. Flight Planning: The process of preparing for a flight, including route selection, weather analysis, fuel calculation, and other considerations.

  8. Navigational Aids: Tools and devices used for navigation, such as GPS, radio beacons, and visual landmarks.

  9. Global Positioning System (GPS): A satellite-based navigation system that provides real-time position information.

  10. Obstacle Clearance: Ensuring a safe vertical distance between the aircraft and obstacles or terrain during flight.

  11. ** Minimum Safe Altitude Warning (MSAW): A system that alerts pilots if their aircraft is flying below a predetermined minimum safe altitude.

  12. Emergency Locator Transmitter (ELT): A device that, when activated, transmits a distress signal to aid search and rescue operations in case of an emergency.

  13. Survival Kit: Equipment carried by pilots to enhance their chances of survival in the event of an emergency landing.

  14. Emergency Procedures: Protocols and actions to be taken by pilots in response to critical situations or equipment failures.

  15. Mayday Call: A standardized distress call used by pilots to signal an emergency.

  16. Search and Rescue (SAR): Operations conducted to locate and assist aircraft or individuals in distress.

  17. Visual Signals: Hand signals or visual cues used by pilots and ground personnel for communication, especially during emergencies.

  18. Emergency Landing: Deliberate landing in a non-designated area due to an in-flight emergency.

  19. Emergency Shutdown: Quickly turning off the aircraft's engine in response to an emergency or unsafe condition.

  20. * Oil Injection System: A system that automatically injects oil into the engine to lubricate moving parts.

  21. Exhaust System: The system responsible for expelling combustion gases from the engine.

  22. Silencer/Muffler: A device used to reduce the noise produced by the exhaust system.

  23. Warm-Up Procedure: The process of allowing the engine to reach optimal operating temperature before takeoff.

  24. Cooling System: Components that regulate the temperature of the engine during operation.

  25. Engine Overhaul: The extensive maintenance process that involves disassembling, inspecting, and reassembling the engine.

  26. Spark Plug: A component that ignites the fuel-air mixture in the engine's combustion chamber.

  27. Four-Stroke Engine: An engine that completes four strokes (intake, compression, power, exhaust) in each cycle.

  28. Two-Stroke Engine: An engine that completes two strokes (compression, power) in each cycle.

  29. Fuel Tank: Container for storing the fuel needed for the engine.

  30. *** Fuel Gauge: Instrument indicating the amount of fuel remaining in the tank.

  31. Fuel Filters: Devices that remove impurities from the fuel before it reaches the engine.

  32. Preflight Fuel Check: A procedure to ensure an adequate and correct amount of fuel before each flight.

  33. Electric Start: A system allowing the pilot to start the engine with an electric motor.

  34. Manual Start: Starting the engine manually, often by pulling a starter cord.

  35. Carburetor Heat: A control to prevent carburetor icing by supplying warm air to the carburetor.

  36. Propeller Guard: A protective device around the propeller to prevent contact with objects. 

  37. Transceiver: A device capable of both transmitting and receiving, commonly used in communication equipment.

  38. Helmet: Protective headgear worn by pilots for safety.

  39. Gloves: Hand protection worn by pilots to maintain grip and protect against the elements.

  40. Flight Suit: Specialized clothing worn by pilots for comfort and safety during flight.

  41. Goggles: Eye protection worn by pilots to shield against wind, debris, and glare.

  42. Emergency Whistle: An audible signaling device carried for emergency communication.

  43. First Aid Kit: A set of medical supplies carried for immediate medical assistance.

  44. Hydration System: A device for carrying and drinking fluids during flight.

  45. Flight Log: A record of flight details, including time, distance, and important events.

  46. Weather Briefing: Gathering and analyzing weather information before a flight.

  47. Aeronautical Chart: A map specifically designed for aviation, providing essential information for navigation.

  48. Notice to Airmen (NOTAM): Official notices containing critical information for pilots, such as changes to airspace or airport conditions.

  49. Wind Rose: A diagram showing the frequency and direction of wind at a specific location.

  50. Weight-Shift Control Aircraft: Aircraft controlled by shifting the pilot's weight, such as paramotors and trikes.

*  Injects 2 stroke oil into a motor.  Both gas and oil is separated until the machine is running.  Not used very often. 
** not used under FAR 103
*** Digital usually stuck on the outside of the gas tank.  Some apps give an average or virtual gas gauge. Not very reliable.