Paramotor Flight Controls and Maneuvers

Paramotor Flight Controls and Maneuvers 

I. Flight Controls:

  1. Define the functions of the brake toggles in paramotor flight.

    • Answer: The brake toggles are used to control the trailing edge of the wing. Pulling the left brake turns the paramotor left, and pulling the right brake turns it right. Both brakes pulled simultaneously reduces speed and may initiate a descent.
  2. Explain the role of weight-shift in controlling the direction of the paramotor.

    • Answer: Weight-shift involves leaning left or right to control the direction of the paramotor. Shifting weight to the left turns the paramotor left, and shifting weight to the right turns it right.
  3. Describe the function of the throttle and how it affects the altitude of the paramotor.

    • Answer: The throttle controls the engine's power. Increasing throttle results in increased thrust and altitude, while decreasing throttle reduces power and altitude.

II. Basic Maneuvers:

  1. Define the term "wingovers" in paramotor flight and discuss their purpose.

    • Answer: Wingovers are a maneuver where the pilot induces pendulum-like swings by applying weight-shift and brake input. They enhance pilot skills, provide a sense of the wing's behavior, and are often used for fun and agility.
  2. Explain the process of executing a 360-degree turn in paramotoring.

    • Answer: To execute a 360-degree turn, the pilot uses weight-shift and brake input. Shifting weight and pulling the brake in the desired direction initiates the turn, and releasing the brake when complete stops the turn.
  3. Describe the proper technique for performing a flare during landing.

    • Answer: Flaring involves smoothly pulling both brake toggles to slow down the paramotor just before landing. The goal is to reduce forward speed, descend gently, and land softly on both feet.

III. Emergency Maneuvers:

  1. Detail the steps you would take if you encounter a deflation in one side of the wing during flight.

    • Answer: In the event of a deflation, the pilot should apply the opposite brake to the deflated side to regain balance and control. Gentle weight-shift can also help stabilize the wing.
  2. Explain the procedure for performing a controlled emergency descent.

    • Answer: A controlled emergency descent involves reducing throttle, maintaining a level attitude, and spiraling down in a controlled manner. The pilot should avoid sharp maneuvers and aim for a safe landing area.

IV. Weather Considerations:

  1. Discuss the impact of wind direction and speed on takeoff and landing in paramotoring.

    • Answer: Wind direction affects the takeoff and landing approach. Pilots generally take off and land into the wind for better control and reduced groundspeed.
  2. Explain the concept of thermals and their effect on paramotor flight.

  • Answer: Thermals are rising columns of warm air. In paramotoring, pilots may use thermals for gaining altitude, but they can also induce turbulence, requiring careful navigation.

V. Safety Protocols:

  1. Outline the safety measures you would take in the event of an engine failure during flight.
  • Answer: In the event of engine failure, the pilot should maintain composure, identify a suitable landing area, and execute emergency landing procedures. Deploying the reserve parachute may be necessary if a safe landing is not possible.
  1. Describe the importance of maintaining a proper altitude and distance from obstacles during flight.
  • Answer: Maintaining a proper altitude and distance from obstacles is crucial for safety. It provides the pilot with reaction time and options in case of emergencies, reducing the risk of collisions and enhancing overall flight safety.